VISION: A Society that harnesses the Environment to improve on their livelihood.
MISSION: Enhance Sustainable Development and Good Governance through Participatory Democracy.
GOAL: Effective and efficient service delivery through equitable distribution of Resources.
The Sub-county chief is the head the administration of Sub County. He reports to the CAO of the District.
Ngetta sub-county was started in July 2010, divided from original Adekokwok Sub County as a result of population increase and decentralization program of governance. The Sub County is occupied mainly by the Lango ethnic group. The origin of the Langi is somewhat obscure. It is believed they originated from Ethiopia. They are considered to be part of the Nilo-Hamites, a group that includes the Teso, Kumam, Jie, and the Karimojong tribes. The Langi, in contrast to these other groups, adopted a Nilotic tongue due to close interactions with the Acholi tribe.
Apart from times of wars, when some sort of cohesion was achieved under one or two war leaders, the Langi before the advent of British administration in 1889, were divided into many smaller groups or clans each with its own leader, i.e. military commander. British administration in sub-counties dates back to 1900. It was affected in main by a peaceful generation. Administration in the early days was in the hands of the Baganda agents who were later taken over by Langi administrators.
Location and Size
Ngetta sub-county is one of the eight sub-counties in Erute County. It is 66 square kilometers in size of which 15 square kilometers is wetland.
They include areas of seasonally flooded grassland, swamp, forest, permanently flooded papyrus and grass swamps.
There is a very extensive wetland edge, which in many places is accessible only on foot.
In the Sub-County have intrinsic attributes, perform functions and produce goods and services. Some of these are primarily of local interest, regional or national. Wetlands in Ngetta Sub-county represent considerable ecological, social and economic value.
The inhabitants of Ngetta Sub County living in the Community neighboring wetlands are to a significant extent dependent for their well being on wetland products. These include fish, fuel, and wood, building poles, sand, gravel, pasture, thatch, water, wild woods, medicines, agricultural pasture, transport and recreation.
Wetlands in Ngetta Sub-County are under a threat. As population increases on one hand, and as people’s expectation increase on the other, the pressure on wetlands and its resources also increases. Because of poverty in the Sub-County the community has resorted to wetland exploitation to meet their sheer necessity. Sheer necessity has taken priority over protecting attributes that provide long term, indirect and general benefits where there is greed, opportunities to exploit the development potential of wetlands may prove too strong even where they entail excessive or inappropriate modification or conversion resulting into degradation of wetlands, or conversion and their inherent value will be economically disastrous to the environment.
In parishes and villages, many wetlands are common property areas, set aside for edge cultivation, fishing, grazing and harvesting of natural products. Community regulation for use of permanent wetlands and grazing areas stipulate free access to wetlands this led to degradation of wetland in the Sub-county
Geology and Soils
The soils in the Ngetta Sub-county are mainly sandy loam. In Ngetta, are found ferrallitic sandy sediments and alluvial deposits.
Swamps modify the continental climate of the sub-county. The rainfall in the District is bimodal with one peak during April-May and the other in August – October.
The average rainfall in the sub-county is close to that of the District i.e.1300mm. The rainfall is mainly conventional and normally comes in afternoons and evenings. Peak precipitation occurs during April-May and August-November. A short dry spell is from June to July and a longer dry period is from December to March.
The average temperature of the District is 300C. This also applies to Ngetta Sub-county. Absolute maximum temperature hardly goes beyond 360C, and minimum hardly falls below 130C.
The majority of Ngetta Sub-county is settled in scattered homesteads and very small ‘villages’. This constitutes up to 99% of the population. There are few people staying in trading centers.
The settlements have inadequate clean water, lack good housing and good sanitation facilities and other social infrastructure like good feeder and community roads. The majority of households in the rural areas depend on the natural environment for all their building requirements and fuel needs. Natural resource allocation, use, manipulation, degradation and environmental impact take place within the human settlements.
Ngetta Sub-county has a population of 14,200 males and 17,600 females making a total of 31,800. There are six parishes in the sub-county with a total of 54 villages, (local council one)
The Sub-County has political and administration hierarchy. The political arm is headed by the L.C.III Chairman with a team of Secretaries in-charge of overseeing the sectors.
The council is chaired by the Speaker and is composed of Standing Committees and Ordinary Councilors.
The Sub-County Chief under whom, are civil servants like: Account Assistants, Parish Chiefs, Police constables, Health workers, Teachers and others heading the Administrative arm.
The villages here are listed Parish by Parish:
Telela: Atego, Okii-oyere, Te-bung, Ayomet ‘A’, Ayomet ‘B’, Telela, Abongorwot.
Anyangapuc: Ngetta Ginnery, Atop aroma, Core, Core ‘B’, Akuriwoo, Te-got, Te-Ature, Comboni ward, Cura hqs and Olero.
Ongura: Apedi, Akwaka, Ongura, Okii, Atira, Otelonyor, Alira, and Tedam.
Anyomorem: Oloro, Oloro ‘B’, Onyapoyere, Alik, Agenga, Akwia woro, Akwia woro ‘B’, Alobo loi, Otongo, Banga banga moko and Atego ‘B’.
Iwal: Iwal, Okere pe kok, Abadmunu, Arumgai, Aduru, Onege, Atyang, Wilela, and Alunga.
Ongica: Abunga, Barobogo, Awirilao, Ongica Central, Awangwia, Barjwinya, Ocokoimaki, Acwao and Alunga.
The average household size in the Sub-county is six persons per family; hence the total number of household’s amount to slightly more than 8,457 the majority of households are engaged in subsistence agriculture. Cattle are a stock of wealth and the oxen provide draught power.
The traditional economic/cash crop is cotton, which in recent years had been on decline but has picked up in the recent past mainly due to liberalization and privatization policy of government. Non-traditional economic crop have taken the role of cotton. They are: simsim, maize, beans, and millet. These crops are in high demand and they do not only play their traditional role as food crops, but are nowadays cash crop as well. Rapidly coming up as economic crop are also cassava, potatoes, sunflower, oranges, and bananas, (Matoke).
Cattle used to be a big source of wealth, but it has been eroded by cattle rustling of 1987/88, which virtually depleted the stock of animals from 8000 in 1980’s to 500 in 1990’s. On a reasonable scale chicken are providing some revenue to the sub-county. The economy in Ngetta is basically a subsistence economy with more than 90% of the population engaged in subsistence farming.
Poverty level is high in Ngetta; 60% of the population is living below poverty line where they cannot afford $1 per day by World Bank Standard. However Ngetta Sub County ranks 2nd out of the 8 rural sub-counties in Lira District Local Government. This has been due to it easy access to some social infrastructure which has made it accessible for economic activities.
The sub-county has political and administration hierarchy. The political arm is headed by the LC III Chairman with team of Secretaries in-charge of overseeing the sectors.
The Council is chaired by the Speaker and is composed of Standing Committees and Ordinary Councilors.
The administrative arm is headed by the sub-county chief under whom are civil servants like sub accountant, extension staff, parish chiefs and Uganda Police Constables. The Chief Administrative Officer provides oversight supervision based on the Local Government Act 1997 and Finance and Accounting Regulation 1998. Administratively, Ngetta is divided in six parishes as follows: Iwal, Telela, Anyangapuc, Anyomorem, Ongura and Ongica.
Ngetta Sub-County has in place Ag.Sub County Chief, Sub-Accountants Grade I, 2 Parish Chiefs, 2 caretaker parish chiefs and the parishes of Ongura, Telela and Iwal are being manned by caretakers.
Genders – Situational Analysis
Ngetta Sub County has a total of 4 (four) employees
The Sub-county Chief is the overall supervisor of (1) female and (3) male.
PROGRAMMES IN NGETTA
Main Government Programms.
The main government programs are:
• Local Government Management Service Delivery Programme, (LGMSD), i.e. including: Safe Water Programme for the communities, funded through: PAF – Water component, and in education section, the government is undertaking classroom construction and completion through SFG, CDD (Community driven development) supports parishes with income generating activities.
• Under PMA government has initiated the National Agricultural Advisory Services, currently providing support to the register farmer groups under NAADS programme.
This government programs covering mainly health, infrastructure like construction of staff houses and wards for the patients, teachers houses with pit latrines and classrooms for pupils learning classrooms, water and sanitation, and borehole drilling (i.e. to improve access to safe drinking water) have been undertaken.
• In education school construction, teacher training, payments of fees under UPE, supply of desks and construction of VIP latrines have been continuous programme in the sub county.
• PRDP Funds is yet another programme meant to alleviate poverty through infrastructure development and reform example they have funded the construction of staff houses in Ongica H/CIII in Ongica Parish.
• Other services include provision of skilled manpower to the community to give technical advice. The recruitment of extension worker for Ngetta Sub-County is a case in point.
• ALREP- Providing support to production department through construction of offices, permanent cattle crushes and provision of office equipments
• NUSAF II – Provision of support to register and qualified groups in community and other institutions like schools and health centers through the government policy of poverty eradication.
Main NGOs Programmes
NGO Main activity Comment
FAO Supporting farmer field schools with, imputs, skills and On going well
income generating activities
UWESO Supporting some villages in saving and loan associations On going well
CARITAS Training youth both at school and drop on adolescent In Telela village only
AOET Supporting OVC’s with scholastic materials On going well
CEASOP Supporting women in BBM village on saving and loan association Newly started
HCU Training marriage couples in good family practice Newly started
RLP Creation of community awareness on thier roles and On going well
on PRDP and other Government Programmes
• Uganda Society for Disabled Children, (USDC) supports mobility and rehabilitation services, ophthalmic clinical outreaches and educational placements for adult and children with visual problems under the comprehensive eye services programme;
• FAO- (Food and Agricultural Organization)……………….
• (Lions Aid – Norway); provide ophthalmic clinical care, out reach services and Health Education.
• Uganda Women’s Effort to Support Orphans, (UWESO – Lira Branch); support to women on loan association.
• Family Planning Association of Uganda, (FPAU – Lira Branch) has also extended their services to Ngetta sub-county through radio media (talk shows).
• Save the Children in Uganda are advocating for Child Education and child abuse through launching back to school campaign.
• CARITAS training of youth on adolescence reproductive health.
• AOET (AIDS orphans education trust) is currently supporting OVCs with scholastic materials and providing vocational skills to 100 school drop outs in Ngetta Sub County.
• FAPAD (Facilitation for Peace and Development) Training / Advocate for human rights.
• CEASOP Support to village saving and loan associations to women in Ngetta sub county.
• Technical Planning Committee in place and functional.
• Natural resource endowment.
• Relative political stability.
• Existence of primary schools and secondary schools.
• Existence of Health Center III.
• Good working relationship between the appointed and elected leaders.
• Food security and agricultural potentiality.
• Good Record keeping at the Sub County.
• Inability to co-fund development programmes.
• No Sub County Land for the construction Offices.
• Unlease Schools land and Health Centers land.
• No NGOs at the moment operating in the sub-county.
• Low capacity to fully exploit the available natural resources.
• Difficulty in meeting revenue targets.
• Poor attitudes by the Community towards participatory planning.
• Incomplete classrooms/poor structure of teachers’ house
• Low planning capacity.
• Community roads are poorly maintained.
• Flow of development funds. Proximity to the district H/Quarters and Urban Centers.
• Good accessibility to information
• Easy accessibility to social services.
• Access to government programmes.
• Continuous assistance from development partners.
• Health and educational facilities are available.
• Encroachment into government land.
• Insecurity brought by the LRA rebels.
• High crime rate.
• Natural calamities.
• Abrupt government policy change.
• Political instability.
• Late release of government funds.
• Inadequate funding.
• High illiteracy rate.
CHALLENGES FACING NGETTA SUB-COUNTY
Based on the vision, mission of the sub-county and the SWOT analysis the following challenges have been described:
• Food insecurity and low agricultural income.
• Insecurity inflicted by rebels, (LRA) & Cattle rustlers
• HIV/AIDS epidemics.
• Low revenue collection.
• Poor performance in schools, despite the Universal Primary / secondary Education.
• Having only 1 government Health Centers serving a population of over 30,000 people.
• Inadequate infrastructure in the Parishes.
• Gender inequality in employment opportunities.
• Inadequate participation of women in development programmes.
• Inclusion of civil society and NGO in the development process.
This implies that the SDP will have to address two issues, i.e. non Cross-cutting and Cross-cutting.
In order to stimulate the parish and village councils to give due attention to all the challenges, the sub-county will develop an assessment form for these challenges. The parish, which scores well, will be given a high priority when resources shall be allocated
Whereas poverty eradication can be seen as the main goal of the SIP, it remains a question whether special programmes have to be developed for the disadvantaged groups. It is a well-known fact that in communities with relatively little stratification, very often, broad based programmes are much more effective then narrowly defined projects for groups.
Overcoming poverty has been a very big challenge to the sub-county where a great percentage of the community is involved in agriculture and partly business, trying to scrape a living for themselves and their families. For example, it’s mostly important to have access to water, health and educational facilities. This is exactly what the local government tries to achieve.
Even so, it is important that the sub-county monitors the position of weak groups to ascertain that they also benefit from the services. A case in point is people with disabilities. It is also important that they have access to offices, facilities and classrooms. Building that are being constructed in the sub-county have provisions for such facilities. The sub-county, strategy concerning PWDs and activities related to their plight can be found in the sectoral part of rehabilitation of particular interest are also the widows and widowers, first it should be noted that this people benefit much more from broadly based projects related to water, health and education but projects that were tailored for them created aspect of dependency instead of fully integrating them in the society. However, of the position of this group is being monitored very closely.
A group that also needs to be mentioned is the elderly. So far the sub-county has paid very little attention to the fate of the elderly. The sub-county council has endeavored to follow the law by incorporation of the elderly into the sub-county council. There is a need to develop a policy paper on the elderly and other vulnerable groups.
The sub-county has not yet developed its own indicators to measure poverty but had borrowed a leaf from the district, hence the main indicator used by the sub-county are:
• Illiteracy rate (both male and female).
• Access to clean water.
• Access to health facilities
• Infant mortality.
• Under five mortality.
• Dwelling characteristic.
• Number of sets of clothes per household member.
• Percentage of eligible children in the age groups 6-12 going to primary school.
It is intended that in the forth-coming plan we will have figures on all these indicators
OBJECTIVES OF SUB-COUNTY INVESTMENT PLAN
Basing on the above literature, objectives of this SDP can be pointed out for this coming three years as follows:
• A food secure sub-county.
• Sustainable growth of local economy and subsequent increases in income of the population.
• Support to primary education.
• Increase accessibility to health facilities at a reasonable cost.
• Improve infrastructure, (road network), safe and clean water.
• Reduced HIV/AIDS.
• A truly open and transparent governance.
• Properly maintained structures and facilities.
• Reduced gender gap.
• Increased revenue mobilization to meet planed service delivery levels.
• To encourage participatory planning at all level.
The various sect oral strategies will be based on the following overall strategies:
• To involve the private sector in the development process
• Work closely with NGOs and CBOs to prevent duplication and thus inefficient use of resources for development
• Development of maintenance plan for infrastructure
• Mainstream gender and other cross cutting issues
• Encourage participatory planning process at all levels
• Encourage means of production that would lead to increased productivity and income
• Encourage parents to send their children to school and continue planning for development of primary school infrastructure.
Here the profiles for the identified projects to be written.
It is advisable for the sub-counties to put the Investment Profiles together with the actual Capacity Building Work Plan and Local Development Grant and a summary table of the investments for the five years in a separate volume (Volume II).
These profiles should be filled for all projects and thus not only for the LGD projects.
Project Name/Title: Purchase & Installation of 4 ext. doors & 14 windows on Sub County Administrative Office block
Sub sector: LGMSD
Project status: Inadequate office space
Location: Ngetta Sub County H/Q
Back ground /Rationale: Inadequate of space
Objectives: To provide enough office accommodation
Identification process: STPC.
Benefits and beneficiaries: Sub County Staff (Include benefits to the environment for both the able and disable persons.
Technical description: Purchase & Inst. Of 4 ext. doors &
Implementing Agency: Ngetta Sub County
Time: Starting time: July 2011
Completion time: Sept 2011
Total Expenditure: 7,000,000
Funding source: LGMSD
Plan of operation (O & M) Submission to the Contract committee, Technical evaluation Tender ard, monitoring and evaluation and
certificate of work done and maintaining will be. To be done by Sub County Chief with funds from Local revenue.